Russia, probably Caucasus
gold, translucent and painted enamel
diameter 8.2 cm
The Caucasus, where Eastern and Western influences intermingled, is the likely location of manufacture for this piece that incorporates elements from both. The form is occidental, while the enamel is reminiscent of Qajar work. More specifically the decoration may be compared with that found on a gold beaker, signed by Malik Muhammad, son of Hajji Yusuf, and dated 1851, in the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg.
Haydn Williams, Enamels of the World: 1700-2000 The Khalili Collections, London 2009, cat. 43, p. 94.