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ARC.ct 61, certificate
ARC.ct 61, certificate

Printed Certificate of Hajj by Proxy with Original Metal Container

ARC.ct 61

Mecca, Saudi Arabia

20th century

ARC.ct 61, certificate
ARC.ct 61, container

Printed Certificate of Hajj by Proxy with Original Metal Container

ARC.ct 61

Mecca, Saudi Arabia

20th century

printed paper; zinc container

printed by al-maktabah al-Tijariyyah – Nabil Mostafa al-Bazz, Makkah al-Mukarramah – al-Safa

40.5 x 56cm

Printed Hajj certificates became popular from the mid-19th century. These provided proof that a person had successfully performed the Hajj. This was a continuation of a long-standing tradition of handwritten and illustrated versions. (See MSS 745.1-3 and MSS 1079) This certificate confirms that a certain Muhammad Bayazid had completed the pilgrimage on behalf of someone who was unable to perform the Hajj themselves. It is witnessed and attested by a Prof. Dr. Ayhan Songar Tevfik Gapaci (?) as a confirmation that the rites had been successfully completed.