dated Rajab 154 (June – July 771)
ink on light-coloured parchment; bulla of grey-coloured clay
11 x 6.9cm
The document is an assessment of the amount of land-tax to be paid, based on an official survey of land cultivated by the persons concerned. Two categories of land are mentioned: kurum (‘orchards’), or irrigated plantations; and ’ard, or unirregated cultivated land.
The report is issued by three officials, and plots of land belonging to three people are mentioned. It is most likely that the plots mentioned are all in the vicinity of ‘the citadel of Gandar’.
The impression on the bulla is too worn to be deciphered.
G. Khan, Arabic Documents from Early Islamic Khurasan, Studies in the Khalili Collection, volume V, London 2007, pp.40–42 and no.24, pp.138–9.