probably North Africa
early 8th century AD
ink on vellum
copied in Kufic script; 12 lines to the page
54 x 69cm
Text: surah al-Anbiya’ (XXI), verses 64 (middle) – 68 (end).
Approximately one third of the copy from which this folio originates, the largest vellum Qur’an known, is in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. Late in the 19th century it was located in St Petersburg, at which time some of the leaves now in Western collections seem to have become separated from it. The popular tradition that it was written by the third caliph, ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan, is inherently improbable, but the absence of both diacriticals and vocalization may be an indication that it dates from around 700 AD. The Qur’an is thought to have been written in North Africa.
J.M. Rogers, The Arts of Islam. Masterpieces from the Khalili Collection, London 2010, cat.3, p.32.