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Title: Human-headed Jug
Location: Eastern Iran or Central Asia
Materials: earthenware, hand moulded with slip decoration and highly burnished
Dimensions: 34 x 24cm
Accession Number: POT 1834
The vessel has a globular body and a neck in the form of a human head with bird-like features and a pointed cap, which forms the spout. The shoulders have a scrolling band of ivy leaves, common in eastern Hellenistic art, although the beaded medallion on the front, which derives from Sasanian silks, is an index of a later date. Unglazed pottery was prominent in medieval Islamic cultures, not least because it was used for kitchen vessels, especially water pots. Its decoration, both moulded and painted, was exceptionally rich and evidently had a long pre- Islamic past. This has been little studied, but recent finds of slip-painted wares in Uzbekistan have included vessels with such beak-like noses and pointed eyes, which must derive from the pre-Islamic, mainly Soghdian, culture of the area.
J.M. Rogers, The Arts of Islam. Masterpieces from the Khalili Collection, London 2010, cat.23, p.47.