Iraq or Iran
circa 1350–1420 AD
ink, gold and opaque watercolours on paper
main text in muhaqqaq, incidentals in thulth; 5 lines to the page
43 x 33.5cm
Text: surah al-Kahf (XVIII), verses 109–10 and surah Saba’ (XXXIV), verses 1–3.
These folios come from a dispersed prayer book that contained the five surahs from the Qur’an beginning with the phrase, al-hamdu li’llah (I, VI, XVIII, XXXIV and XXXV). The manuscript must have been one of the finest of its type to have been produced in the late 14th or early 15th century.
The script is a magnificent black muhaqqaq outlined in gold, and is unusually thin given its large size.
D. James, After Timur. Qur’ans of the 15th and 16th Centuries, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, volume III, London 1992, cat.1, pp.16–17.