Ottoman Balkans, probably Shumen
dated 1266 AH (1849–50 AD)
ink, gold and opaque watercolour on paper; contemporary binding with flap of brown morocco painted in gold; paper doublures and fly leaves with floral designs
main text copied in naskh script, incidentals in riqa‘; 15 lines to the page
308 folios; 17.1 x 11.7cm
The scribe was a pupil of Hüseyin Vehbi, who lived at Shumen in Bulgaria on the borders of the Dobruja. During the late Ottoman period, Shumen was an important provincial centre for the copying, illumination and binding of high-quality, small-format Qur’ans, which found a ready market in Istanbul and were even acquired by the palace.
The rich illumination combines acanthus scrolls and elements from the classical Ottoman repertoire of chinoiserie, arabesque and European rococo motifs into new forms. Such works demonstrate the vigour of traditional local styles even into the mid 19th century, when Ottoman decoration was much influenced by European tastes.
M. Bayani,T. Stanley & J.M. Rogers, The Decorated Word. Qur’ans of the 17th to 19th Centuries, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, volume IV, Part Two, London 2009, cat.54, pp.230–31. J.M. Rogers, The Arts of Islam. Masterpieces from the Khalili Collection, London 2010, cat.264, pp.228–9.