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Title: Calligraphic Panel
Location: Ottoman Turkey
Materials: gold and silver, on black-coated paper
Dimensions: 55.2 x 62cm
Accession Number: CAL 334
The composition, a poem in Ottoman Turkish in praise of the Prophet, bears the signature of the Ottoman sultan Mahmud II (r. 1808–1839). The signature, which is in the shape of a pear, reads, ‘written by Mahmud ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid Khan.’
Another example of this composition signed by Mustafa Rakim and dated 1811 is known, and it is likely that the Sultan’s version is a copy of the latter: copying the work of masters would have been an essential part of Mahmud’s training as a calligrapher.
Mustafa Rakim, who was calligraphy teacher to Sultan Mahmud, is also said to have designed the form of the sultan’s signature. [see CAL 312]
written in jali thulth
N.F. Safwat, The Art of the Pen. Calligraphy of the 14th to 20th Centuries, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, volume V, London 1996, cat.91, pp.156 and 158.