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QUR 87, fols 26b–27a
QUR 87, fols 26b–27a

Part 8 of a 30-part Qur’an

QUR 87

Iran, perhaps Azerbaijan

circa 1175–1225 AD

QUR 87, fols 26b–27a
QUR 87, fols 37b–38a
QUR 87, fol 38a, detail with title of surah al-A‘raf
QUR 87, fols 38b–39a

Part 8 of a 30-part Qur’an

QUR 87

Iran, perhaps Azerbaijan

circa 1175–1225 AD

ink, gold and opaque watercolour on paper; leather binding of a later date

main text in muhaqqaq script, incidentals in Kufic and naskh; 3 lines to the page

92 folios; 39.2 x 32.4cm

The text is written in a stately form of muhaqqaq, a script which, from the rise of the rounded scripts, was particularly favoured for fine Qur’ans. The vocalisation in gold is outlined in black.

 Both the script and the illumination of this imposing manuscript are related to a seven-part copy of the Qur’an dedicated to Abu’l-Qasim Harun ibn ‘Ali ibn Zafar, the vizier of Özbeg, the last atabak of Azerbaijan (r 1210–1225).

D. James, The Master Scribes. Qur’ans of the 10th to 14th Centuries AD, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, volume II, London 1992, cat.5, pp.34–9.

J.M. Rogers, The Arts of Islam. Masterpieces from the Khalili Collection, London 2010, cat.59, p.71.