Printed Certificate of Hajj by Proxy with Original Metal Container

printed paper; zinc container

printed by al-maktabah al-Tijariyyah – Nabil Mostafa al-Bazz, Makkah al-Mukarramah – al-Safa

40.5 x 56cm

Printed Hajj certificates became popular from the mid-19th century. These provided proof that a person had successfully performed the Hajj. This was a continuation of a long-standing tradition of handwritten and illustrated versions. (See MSS 745.1-3 and MSS 1079) This certificate confirms that a certain Muhammad Bayazid had completed the pilgrimage on behalf of someone who was unable to perform the Hajj themselves. It is witnessed and attested by a Prof. Dr. Ayhan Songar Tevfik Gapaci (?) as a confirmation that the rites had been successfully completed.